4 Big Types Of Programmatic Advertising And How It Works!


According to reports, in 2021, 88 per cent of digital display advertising was spent through programmatic advertising. 

Unlike the traditional ways of digital advertising, Programmatic advertising or programmatic media buying is the use of AI for purchasing advertising space. Data insights and algorithms are utilized to show ads to the appropriate user at the right moment and at the right price.

But, what is programmatic advertising or programmatic media buying? Along with contextual advertising, why are advertisers now moving towards programmatic for their display campaigns? Keep on reading to know the ins and outs of Programmatic Media buying or advertising. 

What is Programmatic Advertising?

Programmatic advertising is the practice of automating the purchasing and selling of ad inventory in real-time using an automated bidding system.

Through a complex network, it lets brands or agencies acquire ad impressions on publisher sites or applications in milliseconds.

Moreover, the algorithms driven by artificial intelligence (AI) analyze users based on their behaviour, demographic data, cookie data, and other variables to determine which ad should be given to each user.

Here, advertisers use a DSP (demand-side platforms) and a DMP (demand management platform) to use third-party user data to make the ad purchasing process easier. 

Publishers often utilize SSPs (supply-side platforms) to manage their ad inventory. SSPs make the ultimate decision on which advertisements to run based on bids.

What is Programmatic Advertising?

Programmatic Advertising: The Next Big Step of Digital Advertising

With so many inefficiencies of traditional advertising, brands or advertisers are left with no other option than to make the next big leap toward programmatic advertising. 

But, what are those reasons that have forced the brands to never look back on the conventional method of advertising? 

  • The manual process between buyers (advertisers/brands) and sellers (publishers) becomes tedious and costly.
  • It entails a significant amount of paperwork, requests for proposals (RFPs), and negotiating.
  • Another significant limitation of the traditional technique is the inability to calculate the Return on Investment (ROI).

Whereas, programmatic advertising, other the other hand removes all these voids by presenting an elaborate system that depends less on humans and more on AI to finish this process and show ads throughout the internet.

Some of the benefits of using programmatic advertising are:

1. Connect to a Wider Audience

You may reach a larger audience of leads who are interested in what you have to offer by using programmatic ad buying.

This sort of advertising works with a variety of ad exchanges and networks, making it simple to widen your reach and get your ads in front of individuals who are interested in your products or services.

2. Adjust your Ads to Perform Better

One of the major advantages of programmatic advertising is the ability to fine-tune your campaigns to perform better for your company.

After you’ve launched your advertising, you can evaluate its effectiveness to determine if they are generating results. Programmatic advertising provides information that allows you to determine the effectiveness of your programs.

If your campaigns aren’t doing as well as you’d like, you may tweak and optimize them to increase their performance.

3. Everything is Automatically Done

One of the most significant advantages of programmatic media purchasing is that everything is done automatically.

You don’t have to waste time deciding which website to advertise on or making the necessary procedures to publish advertisements. The algorithm handles all of the work for you, making it simple to manage your campaigns.

4. Real-Time Discoveries

Traditional advertising requires a substantial amount of time to obtain the outcomes of advertising efforts, and there is no precise technique for determining their correctness.

Programmatic advertising, on the other hand, provides marketers with real-time data on the effectiveness of their advertising campaigns. Advertisers may use this campaign data to learn more about their target audience and campaign.

5. Improved Transparency

Advertisers may track the success of their advertising, see how their budget is being spent, and adjust their campaigns in real-time to obtain the results they want. This is because they are aware of the ad inventory they are purchasing and the audience they are targeting. 

6. Greater Budget Utilization

Since programmatic advertising gives marketers real-time campaign performance, they may allocate their advertising money to the channels that will yield the best results. This smart investment enables businesses to spend their campaign money more efficiently and get a higher ROI.

7. Effectively Tackle Ad Fraud

Unethical advertising tactics ruin the digital advertising sector. Publishers have traditionally duped advertisers by employing different deceptive strategies.

Because of the transparency provided by programmatic advertising platforms, marketers may assess each publisher in real-time based on the effectiveness of their ads and select those who produce reasonable results.

Major programmatic ad platforms also combat ad fraud by preventing fake bot traffic and pre-roll advertising, as well as providing ad credits if a fraudulent approach gets past their system.

Components of Programmatic Media Buying

1. Sell-Side Platform (SSP)

This platform enables publishers to automatically sell display, mobile, and video ad impressions to potential purchasers in real-time.

Here, ad exchanges, networks, and DSPs are also included. And, this provides publishers with more control over their inventory and CPMs.

2. Demand-Side Platform (DSP)

This allows agencies and advertisers to acquire cross-platform ad inventory.

3. Ad Exchanger

Through the ad exchanger, supply-side inventory is fed into the ad exchange. The DSP interfaces with the ad exchange, allowing advertisers, agencies, networks, and publishers to purchase and sell ad space. The bidding procedure can then be used to agree on inventory prices.

What are the Different Types of Programmatic Media Buying?

1. Real-Time Bidding

Real-time bidding is frequently referred to as an open auction or an open marketplace. Because of its broad use, it has become associated with programmatic media purchasing.

In RTB, ad spots are available to everyone and are sold through an open auction style of bidding. The position is awarded to the highest bidder. 

The entire process occurs in real-time, and marketers may select ad spaces as they become available. Although the highest bidder in RTB wins the slot, they are not required to pay their bid amount.

RTB is based on a form of auction known as a second-price auction. In second-price auctions, the top bidder pays just $0.01 more for the slot than the second-highest bidder.

The second-highest bidder pays a little more than the third-highest bidder, and so on. RTB is simple to set up and optimize, but it lacks transparency from the advertiser’s point of view. 

Advertisers are aware of the overall category of publishers, but they are unaware of the specific publisher websites where their advertising will appear.

2. Private Marketplace (PMP)

The private marketplace functions similarly to RTB, except that advertisers may only access it via invitation. Publishers typically reserve premium ad inventory in private or closed auctions for selected advertisers. Many DSPs have their PMPs that only DSP users/customers have access to. 

PMPs are commonly used by websites and publications with a big readership because of the benefits they give to publishers. Unlike RTB, marketers that use a PMP can see which websites their ads are being displayed on, allowing them to correctly analyze the ROI of their ads.

3. Preferred Deals

Advertisers may pick their ad inventory at a set price in preferred agreements before it is made available on private markets and open auctions.

The negotiation in preferred deals, also known as spot purchasing, takes a sophisticated approach because both parties agree on the pricing, targeting, and so on ahead of time. The advertiser is offered a preview of the publisher’s ad inventory but is under no obligation to make a purchase.

Advertisers can utilize a DSP to better understand their target audience and decide whether to purchase ad impressions.

4. Programmatic Guaranteed 

The conventional way of media buying is followed by programmatic guaranteed, often known as programmatic direct or automated guaranteed. In this case, the advertiser and publication discuss the conditions one-on-one. 

Unlike the other methods of media buying we looked at, programmatic direct does not use a bidding procedure. 

Following the discussion, the inventory is sold straight to the advertiser. When it comes to ad inventory, rates, audience targeting, and frequency limits, programmatic guaranteed allows advertisers to pick. 

Advertisers who know exactly where to position their advertisements and have large advertising expenditures employ automated guarantees.

How Do Programmatic Ads Work?

How Do Programmatic Ads Work?

Programmatic ad purchasing operates in terms of bidding and advertising pricing. If you are utilizing real-time bidding or a private marketplace for your display advertisements, this is the working process of programmatic ads:

  • Someone visits a website containing advertising space and clicks on it.
  • The available ad space on the owner’s website is auctioned off (SSP).
  • Eligible advertisers compete for the ad space (DSP).
  • The ad spot is then given to the highest bidder.
  • The user sees an advertisement on the website.


Programmatic advertising is the next major step in digital advertising. Through this blog, we have attempted to provide you with up-to-date information about programmatic media advertising.

The information you have got here can be used to delve deep and understand programmatic media buying better.

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